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2019 Conference on Pan-Pacific Anthropocene (ConPPA)

Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center, Taipei , Taiwan
Meeting: May 14-16, 2019 / Field trip: May 17, 2019

FREE Registration!!

Important Dates
February  28, 2019: Deadline for submissions
March 8, 2019: Announcement of accepted abstracts
March 15, 2019: Announcement of tentative agenda
April 15, 2019: Deadline for registration
May 14-17, 2019: Conference on Pan-Pacific Anthropocene


March 15, 2019--Agenda Announced
Please click on the LINK to view the agenda.

March 11, 2019--ConPPA Registration Open
The 2019 ConPPA does not charge registration fees. Please click on the LINK to proceed with registration. The deadline is April 15, 2019.
If you plan to attend 2019 Taiwan Geosciences Assembly (2019 TGA), please register at the 2019 TGA's website:

February 1, 2019--Reminder for 2019 TGA registration
If you plan to attend sessions at 2019 Taiwan Geosciences Assembly (2019 TGA), Please also register at 2019 TGA's website.

The deadline for abstract submission has been extended from January 31 to February 28. Please submit your abstracts online. If you cannot connect to Google form, please send us your submission form and abstract.

About APPA

We propose to establish an international association of the Association of Pan-Pacific Anthropocene (APPA) in 3 years. Two preconference workshops were held in July and October of 2018, followed by first-phase preparations of running three annual conferences of the APPA. The first annual conference (Conference on Pan-Pacific Anthropocene, ConPPA) will be held on 14-17th May, 2019. The related researchers and institutes will be invited to this conference and the practice will be repeated annually to reach the scientific agreements and social recognition. We expect the official establishment of this association during the 4th annual meeting in May, 2022.

Anthropocene is a developing anthropogenic epoch. Human intelligence and activities have become an unprecedented new geological force in the 4.5 billion-year history of the Earth, changing our atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and even geosphere. The current most important issues, such as global warming, sea level rise, ocean acidification, waste disposal and plastic crisis, have profoundly affected the global climate and ecosystem. The Pan-Pacific realm, with richness of civilizations, has been experiencing severe environmental pollution and ecological crisis, associated with swift regional economic development over the past decades. The APPA, a nonprofit and a non-governmental organization, divulges and emphasizes the anthropogenic impact on the Pan-Pacific region in particular and on the Earth in general. APPA proposes future possible trends and related countermeasures for the international community through multidisciplinary academic studies, such as climate observation and simulation, proxy and historic records, anthropogenic geohazards, topography and geomorphology, biodiversity, environmental pollution, and archaeology and civilization.

Our Missions

To promote academic researches of relative fields in the Pan-Pacific Anthropocene.

To hold workshops, academic speeches and conferences.

To reveal the updated regional and global changes in climate, environment, propose possible future trend and suggestion to the international society.

To conduct other activities those are consistent with the aims of the Association.

APPA Preparation Committee

Director of the committee: Chuan-Chou Shen, the Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University

Climate observations and simulations:

Dr. Huang-Hsiung Hsu (Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica)
Dr. John Chiang (University of California, Berkeley, USA)

Historical record:
Dr. Pao-Kuan Wang (Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica)
Dr. Kam-Biu Liu (College of the Coast & Environment, Louisiana State University, USA)

Terrestrial proxy records:
Dr. Liangcheng Tan (Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an)
Dr. Ashish Sinha (Department of Earth Sciences, California State University)

Marine proxy records:
Dr. Kristine DeLong (Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University)
Dr. Yusuke Yokoyama (Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Anthropogenic geohazard:
Dr. Tso-Ren Wu (Graduate Institute of Hydrological & Oceanic Sciences, National Central University)
Dr. Adam Switzer (Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University)

Topography and geomorphology:
Dr. Jiun-Chuan Lin (Department of Geography, National Taiwan University)
Dr. Margreth Keiler (Institute of Geography, University of Bern, Switzerland)

Dr. Hsieh Chih-Hao (Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University)
Dr. I-Ching Chen (Department of Life Sciences, National Cheng Kung University)

Archaeology and civilization:
Dr. Ivy Hui-Yuan Yeh (School of Humanities, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)
Dr. Felicia Beardsley (Sociology and Anthropology Department, University of La Verne, USA)

Timeline for Establishing Association of Pan-Pacific Anthropocene

July 10, 2018

The 1st Pan-Pacific Anthropocene
Preconference Workshop

October 27, 2018

Workshop on Understanding the Pan-Pacific Anthropocene 

May 14-17, 2019

The First Conference on Pan-Pacific Anthropocene

May 2020

The 2nd Conference on Pan-Pacific Anthropocene

May 2021

The 3rd Conference on Pan-Pacific Anthropocene

May 2022

The 4th Conference on Pan-Pacific Anthropocene and the establisment of Association of Pan-Pacific Anthropocene

Abstract Submission

Download template

Please follow the instructions of the template to prepare your manuscript.

Submit your manuscript

Please go to submission page to upload  your manuscript. We only accept manuscripts in Microsoft WORD format.

Submission form

For those who cannot access the Google Form ONLY. Please mail your form and abstract to


Track 1. Climate Variability and Change in the Anthropocene
Chairs: Dr. Huang-Hsiung Hsu (Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica) & Dr. John Chiang (University of California, Berkeley, USA)

The climate of the Anthropocene is affected by both natural processes and human influences. Our understanding of past climate variability and change have steady improved, with increasing availability of paleo and historical climate data and the advancement of climate model and simulation techniques. While climate models are well able to simulate the basic characteristics of climate and its recent changes, inconsistencies between climate data and simulations remain especially at the regional level. While we have a firm understanding of the drivers and basic mechanisms of recent climate changes, we lack a quantitative understanding of feedbacks that respond to them: this includes physical processes like cloud feedbacks, and regional atmosphere-ocean-land systems such as the East Asian Monsoon and the El Nino Southern Oscillation. Longer-timescale feedbacks such as those associated with the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, and ocean meridional overturning circulation, add substantial uncertainty to our future climate projections. That being said, the trajectory that human development will take especially regards to its future sources of energy will be the strongest determinant for how climate will change in this century. Exploration of different trajectories provides valuable information for understanding the climate and human consequences of our future development choices. This evaluation includes understanding the increasing risk to weather and climate extremes such as heatwaves, droughts, and tropical cyclones. Key to understanding climate extremes, and the underlying regional circulation and climate drivers, will come from paleoclimate data evidencing their occurrence and changes in the past. The link between the study of past climate with understanding future changes is a key driving motivator for the formation of the Association of Pan-Pacific Anthropocene Association (APPA).

This session invited reports on the following topics (but not limited to): 1) past climate variation, 2) climatic mechanisms explaining observed climatic variability, 3) future climate projection based on emission scenarios, 4) observed and projected variability in (but not limited) synoptic, subseasonal, seasonal, interannual, and interdecadal time scales, 5) variability of extreme events such as heavy precipitation, drought, and tropical cyclones, 6) mechanisms linking the past and future climatic variability.

Track 2. Anthropocene Historical Record
Chairs: Dr. Pao-Kuan Wang (Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica) & Dr. Kam-Biu Liu (College of the Coast & Environment, Louisiana State University, USA)

Historical documents often contain rich information about climate conditions of the time; some are of direct meteorological nature (e.g., cold/warm, precipitation, flood/drought, windy/calm, etc.) while others are events influenced by climate (famine, locust, grain price, etc.). They can be official chronicles, local (provincial, county, city, etc.) records, court documents, commercial transactions, personal diaries, etc., and can be useful sources for reconstructing past climate series for various climate studies. Due to their often descriptive nature, special care must be taken to render the derived information from these sources accurate and useful. We solicit contributions related to all aspects of historical climate studies including, but not limited to, discussion on the nature and relevance of source documents and records, methods of retrieving quantitative climate information, analyses of reconstructed historical climate series, comparison between reconstructed historical climates and climate model results, and general discussions on the characteristics of climates based on historical records.

Track 3. Terrestrial Proxy Records of Anthropocene
Chairs: Dr. Liangcheng Tan (Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an) & Dr. Ashish Sinha (Department of Earth Sciences, California State University)

The Pan-Pacific realm has been experiencing widespread climatic, environmental, and ecological changes resulting from the ever-increasing human activities. Instrumental observations from the region are however, too short to place the anthropogenic-induced changes in the long-term context of the regions’ climatic and environmental history. Terrestrial-based proxy records from the Pan Pacific realm can potentially uncover the true scope of the human-induced changes. In this session, we invite contributions that aim to (1) characterize and quantify the anthropogenic-induced changes using terrestrial-based proxies from the Pan Pacific realm; (2) provide guidance for a suitable GSSP for the Anthropocene; (3) offer model projections of future anthropogenic trends and coping strategies. Contributions that integrate proxy, model, archaeological, historical and instrument data are particularly welcomed.

Track 4. Marine Proxy Records
Chairs: Dr. Kristine DeLong (Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University) & Dr. Yusuke Yokoyama (Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

The Pacific Ocean, which cover ~50% of the Earth’s surface area, is key to the climate system and is the location of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Variability (PDV), both of which influence precipitation, temperature, drought, and extreme events in the surrounding continents. Furthermore, shifts in the Earth’s orbit on millennial time scales cause sea levels to fluctuate, the strength of the monsoons to vary, and ocean currents to change causing further changes in the climate system. Paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic reconstructions using marine archives and proxy records can provide useful insights on past ocean-atmosphere variability on a variety of resolutions from sub-annual to millennial timescales. We welcome contributions that seek to reconstruct and provide insights on these changes in order to better understand future climate scenarios.

Track 5. Anthropogenic Geohazard
Chairs: Dr. Tso-Ren Wu (Graduate Institute of Hydrological & Oceanic Sciences, National Central University), Dr. Adam Switzer (Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore), & Dr. Jiun-Chuan Lin (Department of Geography, National Taiwan University)

In this theme, we examine the nature and processes controlling geological hazards and anthropogenic impacts primarily from both present and past environmental perspectives. Such data are vital for evaluating options available for the mitigation and strategic management of hazards, induced by earthquakes, tsunamis, and typhoons. The Asia Pacific is under considerable stress, both from geological hazards and the impacts of past and present anthropogenic activity. In addition, Anthropocene geomorphology could help us to understand the impact from the natural processes as well as the human society. This theme investigates the complex interplay of natural geological phenomena and anthropogenic activity. We seek contributions that characterize the nature and processes controlling geohazards and anthropogenic impacts and those that seek to evaluate risks posed by Them. Further, we seek to identify options available for their mitigation and strategic management.

Track 6. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Health in the Pan Pacific Realm
Chairs: Dr. Hsieh Chih-Hao (Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University) & Dr. I-Ching Chen (Department of Life Sciences, National Cheng Kung University)

The Pan Pacific realm encompasses some of the most important marine biodiversity hotspots and is characterized by diverse seascape and landscape. The region also supports the largest industrial fisheries in the world, which depends on the health of the entire ecosystem to secure its sustainability. The volume and availability of biological and environmental data to address the function and service of the diverse ecosystems have increased substantially in recent decades. We aim for enhancing dialogues between ecologists of different disciplines to understand the uniqueness and the threats to biodiversity in the Pan Pacific realm. We will focus on (1) current status of marine and terrestrial biodiversity in the Pan Pacific realm; (2) impacts of multiple stressors on biodiversity, such as overexploitation, invasion and pollution, climate change and ocean acidification; (3) land-ocean-atmosphere linkages and approaches for understanding ecosystem functioning in a changing world.

Track 7. Archaeology and Civilization in the Asia-Pacific Realm
Chairs: Dr. Ivy Hui-Yuan Yeh (School of Humanities, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore) & Dr. Felicia Beardsley (Sociology and Anthropology Department, University of La Verne, USA)

The advent of the Anthropocene may be defined by an escalation of human intervention in the transformation of our planet through landscape appropriation, change, and exploitation. Our influence visible in the increasingly widespread development of anthropogenic landscapes has left an indelible mark in the archaeological record. Key cultural practices leading to significant modifications of our environment include hunting, agriculture, forest clearance and subsistence practices, pressures of increasing population densities, growth and expansion of the built environment, shifting settlement patterns, resource use and overuse. This session proposes to explore archaeological evidence for the timing, pattern, and changing strategies of human activities that have left observable alterations to localized environments throughout the greater Asia-Pacific region.

Plenary Lectures

Venue: Conference Room 401

Prof. Mark Williams (May 14, 8:30 AM)
School of Geography, Geology and the Environment,
University of Leicester

 The Anthropocene

Each year humans move about 20 times more sediment than all of the world’s rivers, utilize enough freshwater to drain the African Great Lakes Malawi and Victoria dry, add 36 billion tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, and use more than 500 exajoules of energy from primary resources like oil, gas and coal. Humans have reshaped the biosphere, translocating plants and animals beyond their indigenous ranges, appropriating some 25-40% of the net primary production of plants and concentrating biomass in a small range of organisms – 7.6 billion Homo sapiens – and the organisms they consume, like chickens, cows and maize. Whilst the fossil record of archaic humans extends back nearly 3 million years, for much of that time, patterns of human influence were highly regional, beginning in Africa and gradually expanding throughout the world. However, from the mid-20th century onwards the accelerating signature of human global consumption can be demarcated by the spread of, for example, plastics, radiogenic isotopes from nuclear detonations, fly ash from thermal power stations, invasive species such as the giant African snail, and the globally traded materials that build our modern cities. These leave a clear and stratigraphically distinctive signature of human over-consumption of Earth resources, and thus of a geologically distinctive Anthropocene. 

Prof. Gretta Pecl (May 15, 3:30 PM)
Director, Centre for Marine Socioecology, and ARC Future Fellow
Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
University of Tasmania

Our oceans in the Anthropocene

There is now compelling evidence that suggests humanity’s impact on the Earth has pushed the world into a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene. Accelerating growth in human population and per capita consumption, coupled with widespread habitat loss, has led to a step-change in the climatic, biological and geochemical signatures of human activity. Extinction rates of flora and fauna are far above the long-term average, and plastic in our waterways and oceans is virtually ubiquitous. Moreover, increased concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere have led to increases in extreme weather, sea level rise, changes in ocean currents and connectivity, ocean acidification and warming waters. One of the most pervasive effects of climate change is a global redistribution of the planet’s species with plants and animals, on land and in the ocean, shifting latitude, elevation and depth to keep pace with preferred environmental conditions. As the global climate changes, human well-being, ecosystem function, and even climate itself are increasingly affected by this shifting geography of life. Climate-driven species redistribution therefore presents intriguing ecological challenges to unravel, as well as fundamental philosophical questions and urgent issues related to ecology, fisheries, food security, Indigenous and local livelihoods, and many other aspects of human well-being. This presentation will highlight some of the key anthropogenic trends in our oceans, focussing on climate-driven species redistribution and the adaption planning and adaptation actions underway at international, national and local scales. 

Prof. Peter Bellwood (May 15, 4:15 PM)
Emeritus Professor (Archaeology)
School of Archaeology and Anthropology
Australian National University

Were prehistoric human migrations in Southeast Asia and Oceania initiated by non-anthropogenic environmental changes?

Current research in archaeology, ancient DNA and comparative linguistics demonstrates the reality of a number of major prehistoric population dispersals into and through Southeast Asia, and onwards into Australia/New Guinea and Oceania. Apart from those of pre-sapient hominins, which remain obscure in their details, we have the following that merit discussion with respect to their potential associations with environmental changes:

1. The initial dispersal of Homo sapiens, variously dated by different authorities between 100 and 55 kya. This migration eventually reached Australia and New Guinea across the sea gaps of Wallacea.

2. The major Neolithic migrations of food producers from southern China into Mainland and Island SE Asia, dating mainly between 3500 and 1500 BC. These involved in linguistic terms the expansions of the Austroasiatic and Austronesian language families and their speakers, and to a lesser extent Tai/Daic. This migration, or at least its Austronesian-speaking arm, ultimately reached Polynesia.

Relationships between island sizes and sea levels (including land connections and visibility) during the Pleistocene have been highlighted recently, especially in connection with the initial settlements of Australia and New Guinea, which involved ocean crossings. However, in my presentation I will focus mainly on the Neolithic migrations. Two widely-discussed topics here concern (i) the relationship between the rise of postglacial sea level and the diminishing availability, prior to 1500 BC, of lowland alluvial soils suitable for growing rice (this is an important issue for mid-Holocene Austronesian dispersal through eastern Taiwan), and (ii), the relationship between increased ENSO occurrences of winds of westerly origin and the settlement of Remote Oceania.

Prof. Brian Hoskins  (May 16, 3:30 PM)
Department of Meteorology
University of Reading

The challenge of climate change

Climate change provides a huge challenge to scientists. Thermodynamic arguments underlie most of the aspects in which we have understanding and confidence, and this is sufficient to know that mitigating anthropogenic climate change is an imperative. However, the range of warmings given by climate models remains as large as it was 40 years ago. With the more recent interest in climate extremes, it is becoming essential to obtain a better picture of how the dynamics of the atmosphere and ocean may change.

A discussion will also be given of the international process for considering the mitigation of climate change, and the example of the Climate Change Act in the UK will be described. The challenge of climate change to engineers, business and politicians, and to society in general will be highlighted.

Film and after-screening discussion:
“Beyond Beauty: Taiwan from Above”

Time & Date: 1-3 pm, May 16
Venue: Conference Room 401
Discussant: Prof. Kuo-Yen Wei, Dept. of Geosciences, NTU

FREE Registration

The 2019 Conference on Pan-Pacific Anthropocene is free to all participants. Interested researchers, professionals, and srudents are welcome to join the event. The deadline for registration is April 15, 2019. If you also plan to attend 2019 Taiwan Geosciences Assembly, you must register at 2019 TGA's website.


For visa or visa-exempt entry inforamtion, please visit Bureau of Consular Affairs' website for more information:


Reservations can be made by filling out the reservation form and sending it directly to the hotel. ConPPA/TGA registration number is required in the reservation form to get special rates.

Details about hotel rates

Venue: Nangang Exhibition Center

Meetings: Conference Room 507
Plenary Lectures: Conference Room 401

No. 1, Jingmao 2nd Road, Nangang District, Taipei City, 115


Field Trip

Date: May 17, 2019
Sites: Yehliu Geopark and Jinguashi
Fee: 300 NTD/10 USD per person (Transportation and insurance are included. Staff will collect cash on site)
Maximum: 40 participants
Pre-registration: Required. Registration page will open on March 1, 2019. Accepted participants will be further notified.
Meeting point: Shuttle Bus Stop (on the west side of Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center. Please see the indicated area of the floor map.)
Departure time: 8:00 AM
Buses will depart from the meeting point on time (unless otherwise noted). Please arrive 15 minutes earlier.

Site 1: Yehliu Geopark

Yehliu Geopark is famous for its sea-erosion landscape. Most of the spots are very close to the seashore; therefore, visitors are advised to read the tour guide and park regulations to avoid possible danger or causing any damage to the natural heritage. The total distance from the entrance to the end of the cape is about 1.7 km and the widest area in between is shorter than 300 m. The rock landscape of Yehliu Geopark is one of most famous wonders in the world. The coastal line is stretching in a direction vertical to the layer and the structure line; Waves, weathering, and earth movement all contribute to the formation of such a rare and stunning geological landscape.

Site 2: Jinguashi

Jinhuashi, located in Reuifang District, right next to the famous Jiufen in New Taipei City. The place is famous for its vast gold mine in the late 19th to early 20th century. After the mines dried up and the gold rush ended, the area still remains intact with nostalgic images of the past era. It was also nominated for the honor of UNESCO World Heritage site. Situated between the mountains and the coastline, the local scenery is exclusively beautiful, with the abundance of historical relics from the mining days, Jinguashi has become the ideal retreat in Northern Taiwan. The mining site now has become a part of the “Gold Ecological Park”, which exhibits the history of the gold rush period. There are other attractions within the area including the Museum of Gold, Shinto Temple, Golden Waterfall and so on.

Contact us

Dept. of Geosciences, National Taiwan University
tel: +886-2-3366-5878

Dept Geosciences, National Taiwan University
tel: +886-2-33665878


National Taiwan University Research Center for Future Earth
Global Land Programme Taipei Nodal Office
Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University
Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica
Preparation Committee of the Association of Pan-Pacific Anthropocene (APPA)
Quaternary Research Group, Geological Society Located in Taipei

Affiliated Partners
Chinese Geoscience Union
2019 Taiwan Geosciences Assembly (TGA)

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